On September 7, 2022, Brazil celebrates its bicentenary.
On September 7, 1822, Brazil declared its independence. After 200 years of sovereignty, the former Portuguese colony is recognized internationally, in particular for its very strong cultural personality. Our archives recall some of the symbols of this Brazilian identity.
In 1763, the city of Rio de Janeiro became the capital of what the world then knew as the colony of Brazil.
It will remain the capital of the most populous country in Latin America until 1960, when the ultramodern city of Brasilia will take this title.
Several aspects of the city of Rio de Janeiro have always inspired people to dream.
Report by journalist Pierre Nadeau describing the city from Rio de Janeiro.
On November 30, 1962, the program Premier planpresents a long report by journalist Pierre Nadeau which introduces the city of Rio de Janeiro.
The journalist takes us to several areas of the city, including the mythical Copacabana.
We also explore monuments from the colonial era as well as Sugarloaf Mountain or Mount Corcovado where the immense statue of Christ the Redeemer reigns supreme.
The report also makes a nod to the carnival which amazes the planet every year (or almost) with its extravagance.
“For them in Brazil, drugs are carnival, coffee and football. Remove the three, there is no more Brazil. »
— Marcel Isy-Schwart, 1977
Carnival is indisputably associated with Brazilian identity.
If the one in Rio de Janeiro is known internationally, other carnivals, just as colorful, exist in the country.
This is particularly the case of the carnival of Bahia, the former capital of the country before Rio de Janeiro, and a city located in the northeast of Brazil.
Host Jacques Duval interviews Marcel Isy-Schwart on carnivals in Rio de Janeiro and Bahia.
As the French explorer Marcel Isy-Schwart recalled on December 9, 1977 in an interview he gave to the program Aller-retour, the carnival of Bahia has retained an authenticity that a little lost that of Rio de Janeiro.
In Bahia, people are not just spectators of the party in the bleachers. They participate fully.
The fact that the vast majority of the population of Bahia is of African origin adds a particularly original and festive element to the event.
The interview is supported by images of carnivals in Rio de Janeiro and Bahia which confirm the exuberance and beauty of these celebrations.
Who says carnival says dance, and above all samba .
The journalist-director Nicolas Doyon offers a portrait of samba.
On February 14, 2004, journalist-director Nicolas Doyon presented a report on this dance as part of the documentary A Canadian in Rio.
The (or , according to purists, the) samba is a dance that reflects an important aspect of the soul of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil.
A mixture of African and Portuguese influences, this musical genre even has political connotations.
Nicolas Doyon takes advantage of this documentary to introduce us to another dance, jongo, which is one of the African sources of samba.
This dance is still widely practiced by Afro-Brazilians.
Brazil is the largest coffee producer in the world.
Host Johane Despins presents a report on coffee culture in Brazil.
On July 20, 2016, the host of the show L'épicerie, Johane Despins, presents a report on this flagship drink of Brazil.
She tells us that Brazilian coffee had some difficulties in exporting because it was of poor quality or mixed with other coffee beans from other countries. elsewhere on the planet.
The industry has rolled up its sleeves to improve its production and erase the bad impression that buyers and consumers, especially Canadians, had.
The journalist-director Nicolas Doyon explores the world of soccer.
The February 14, 2004, as part of the documentary A Canadian in Rio,journalist-director Nicolas Doyon tells us about soccer (or futebol as Brazilians call it).
This sport is practically a religion for Brazilians.
As sociologist Sergio Leite Lopes reminds us, this passion exists partly because this sport is a powerful vector of social ascent for young players from poor and underprivileged backgrounds.
Nicolas Doyon also takes us to meet a guide at the legendary Maracana football stadium located in the very center of Rio de Janeiro.
The man tells us with extraordinary verve the story of a final of the Football World Cup.
< p class="e-p">In 1950, the Uruguay team beat the Brazilian national team in the final at the Maracana stadium.
Brazilians still mourn this defeat.
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