Joe Biden is trying to renew the dialogue between Washington and the Gulf countries after a period of tension.
The President of the United States Joe Biden presents on Saturday in Jeddah in front of leaders of Arab countries his vision for the Middle East and tries to stem the volatility of oil prices which weighs on the world economy.
After a visit to Israel and the Palestinian territories, Joe Biden concludes his first tour in the Middle East with a summit with several Arab countries, in particular the six members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain), as well as Egypt, Jordan and Iraq.
In Jeddah, in the west of Saudi Arabia, the American president solemnly invited his counterpart from the United Arab Emirates, Mohammed bin Zayed, to visit the United States, after frosty relations between the two partners his final months.
The challenges we face today make it even more important that we spend time together, Joe Biden said at the #x27;a bilateral meeting, before the launch of the American-Arab summit in the early afternoon.
After a period of tension between Washington and several Arab partners, starting with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, major oil exporters, the 79-year-old Democratic President will clearly and substantially present his vision for the Middle East, his national security adviser Jake Sullivan said on Friday. to short- and long-term food security in the Middle East and North Africa, a senior White House official said in an interview with reporters on Saturday.
We are not going to leave a vacuum to be filled by China and Russia, with Iran in ambush, Joe Biden promised on Friday.
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US President Joe Biden (right) and UAE Head of State Mohamed bin Zayed (to left)
The trip is already marked by the image of a president exchanging a fist-to-fist with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS), accused by US intelligence to be the sponsor of the assassination of Saudi journalist Jamal Kashoggi. Joe Biden had classified Saudi Arabia as a pariah state.
Joe Biden assured Friday, in a hastily organized press briefing in the evening, that he had mentioned this matter at the very beginning of his meeting with the crown prince, in fact at the helm of the rich monarchy, ensuring that he had been crystal clear.
According to the Saudi channel Al-Arabiya, quoting a Saudi official, the Kashoggi affair was quickly discussed between the two men and the prince admitted that she was regrettable.
MBS also added that such things happen all over the world pointing out the many mistakes made by Washington like those on the scandal of the treatment of prisoners by the Americans in the Iraqi prison of Abu Ghraib.
But the White House wants above all to address the issue of the price of oil, the volatility of which threatens the global economy and weighs on the purchasing power of Americans.
The rise in the gallon of gasoline is an issue for the American president a few months before the midterm elections in the United States. Joe Biden will try to convince the oil monarchy to open the floodgates on his production.
I am doing everything possible to increase production for the United States, he said. -he says Friday adding that the first concrete results will be seen in a few weeks.
A senior US official on condition of anonymity has indicated that the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) will participate to the tune of three billion dollars in a major international infrastructure partnership led by Washington, supposed to be a response to the enormous Chinese investments of the Silk Roads.
Saudi Arabia and the United States have concluded 18 cooperation agreements in a wide variety of fields (space, finance, energy, health ), according to a press release from the Gulf monarchy.
Meeting with Gulf leaders, Joe Biden is to announce $1 billion in aid to support food security in the Middle East.
In addition, Washington is also seeking to focus on geostrategic issues and in particular to draw a path towards normalization between Israel and Saudi Arabia, which do not have official relations. .
Joe Biden hailed Riyadh's historic decision to open its airspace to all carriers, including Israelis, and announced progress on a strategic island in the Red Sea, located between the Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Israel.
The White House has also reported an agreement from Saudi Arabia to connect the power grids of the GCC countries to that of Iraq, which relies heavily on energy imported from Iran, a pet peeve of Americans and Saudis alike.
The US executive also welcomed what it said was Saudi Arabia's commitment to extend and strengthen the UN-mediated ceasefire in Yemen, which has lasted for 15 years. weeks.
The serious humanitarian crisis in which the country has been plunged by a war in which Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are involved is another source of harm ease between Washington and these Gulf partners.