Servicemen lower the Taiwanese flag in Liberty Square, Taipei, at the end of military exercises, August 9, 2022.
China pledged on Wednesday to leave “no leeway” to supporters of Taiwanese independence, stressing that “the use of force” to reclaim the island remains on the table “in last resort”.
This new warning comes after extensive Chinese military exercises carried out in recent days around the island, in response to the visit to Taipei of the American number three Nancy Pelosi.
The Speaker of the House of Representatives' stay was seen by Beijing as a provocation, as the United States pledged to have no official relationship with the island territory claimed by China.
Nancy Pelosi, during her visit to Taiwan, August 3, 2022
The Taiwan Affairs Bureau, a Chinese government agency, released a white paper on Wednesday detailing how Beijing plans to take back the island, including through economic incentives.
We are willing to create a broad space (of cooperation) in order to achieve peaceful reunification, says the document, in the form of an outstretched hand to the Taiwanese.
But we will leave no leeway for separatist actions aimed at the pseudo-independence of Taiwan, in any form whatsoever.
China believes that Taiwan, populated of approximately 23 million inhabitants, is one of its provinces which it has not yet managed to reunify with the rest of its territory since the end of the civil war Chinese (1949).
In seven decades, the communist army could never conquer the island, which remained under the control of the Republic of China – the regime that once ruled mainland China and no longer rules today. x27; today than Taiwan.
We do not promise to renounce the use of force, underlines the Beijing white paper, the first on this subject since 2000, before to qualify his point.
“Force would be used as a last resort, in compelling circumstances. We would be forced to take drastic measures in the face of provocations by separatists or external forces, if they were to cross our red lines.
— Excerpt from the white paper published by Beijing
The white paper also promises economic prosperity after reunification.
China thus proposes to strengthen cultural ties, in terms of social security, health or even to encourage better economic integration via preferential policies in particular.
With a strong homeland to lean on, Taiwan compatriots will be stronger, more confident, more secure and more respected on the international stage, the text promises.
Benoit Hardy-Chartrand, associate researcher at the Raoul-Dandurand Chair and professor at Temple University in Tokyo, believes that this white paper does not denote major changes in the Chinese position, rather it establishes the way forward to bring back the island in the lap of mainland China.
We sense in the document a certain impatience with everything that is happening with Taiwan, we sense impatience with the American position. We consider the Americans as those who increase tensions, so all the blame is really placed on the United States, explains Mr. Hardy-Chartrand, in an interview with RDI.
Of course the risk [of an invasion] is still there, and that's what Beijing wants Taiwan and the United States to know today, he adds.
But I don't believe an invasion is imminent. Given the tensions that currently exist, given the very significant military capabilities of China, however, this is an eventuality that everyone must be prepared for.
Some young Taiwanese, especially in recent years, are beginning to develop an identity different from that of mainland China.
A phenomenon encouraged by the Progressive Democratic Party (PDP, pro-independence) of Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, who came to power in 2016.
Unlike the previous government, Ms. Tsai refuses to consider Taiwan and mainland China as part of a single China unique. A position that has greatly deteriorated relations with Beijing.
Despite the tense context of recent days, a Taiwanese opposition politician, Andrew Hsia Li-yan, traveled to mainland China on Wednesday to meet there in August, at the from around forty, entrepreneurs and students from the island.
High diplomat, ex-boss of the Taiwanese organization in charge of questions relating to the In mainland China, Mr. Hsia is Vice Chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT), Taiwan's other major party, which is anti-independence and a supporter of pragmatic relations with Beijing.
Not only is the timing bad, but it is also an offense to our army, which spares no effort to protect our country, the Taiwanese presidential party denounced on Facebook. .
This visit sends a bad message to the international community, for his part denounced Tsai Ing-wen in front of members of his party.
Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, while recording a message regarding Chinese military exercises around the 'island
China considers the party of the Taiwanese president as separatist, but also any person publicly campaigning for independence or for the dilution of the Chinese identity of the Taiwanese.
Beijing's communist army has conducted its largest-ever military exercises around Taiwan in recent days, including training for a blockade of the island.
Taiwanese military had conducted its own exercises on Tuesday, to practice responding to a Chinese attack on the island.
Tsai Ing-wen and the DPP […] are pushing Taiwan towards the depths of disaster. They will end up in the pillory of history! Tan Kefei, a spokesperson for China's Defense Ministry, slammed in a statement on Wednesday.
(Beijing-Taiwan) relations again face two options for the ;coming. It is up to the Taiwanese authorities to make the right choice about the direction to take.