< p class="sc-v64krj-0 knjbxw">A woman accompanies her malnourished child to Kaabong hospital in Uganda on May 25, 2022.
The pandemic, war and climate change have halted progress in the status of women around the world.
In their latest report, presented today in New York, UN Women and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) warn that gender disparities have continued, and sometimes even worsened, in recent years. years. Some indicators recorded significant declines.
Thus, extreme poverty has increased all over the world. Before the pandemic, the proportion of people living on less than $1.90 a day fell from 11.2% in 2013 to 8.6% in 2018. But it is expected to rise to 9% in 2022 due to the COVID.
By the end of 2022, an estimated 383 million women and girls will live in extreme poverty, compared to 368 million men and of boys.
The impact of COVID-19 and other crises is resulting in a reversal of what was a positive trend, a decline in the extreme poverty in the world, explains Ginette Azcona, co-author of the report.
“If current trends continue, we will see, by 2030, more women living in extreme poverty than today in sub-Saharan Africa .
— Ginette Azcona, Policy Specialist at UN Women
Rising food prices, caused by the war in Ukraine, are likely to exacerbate this trend.
Women are more likely than men to experience food insecurity, the report points out, and the gender gap is widening. Moderate or severe food insecurity among adult women increased by almost 10%, while among men it increased by 7.6%. The gender gap narrowed from 1.8% to 4.3%.
Start of the widget. Skip the widget?End of widget. Back to top of widget?
In 2021, around 38% of female-headed households in war-affected areas experienced moderate or severe food insecurity, compared to 20% of female-headed households. men.
At the current rate of progress, the report estimates that it will take up to 286 years to achieve equality between men and women, i.e. for gaps in legal protection to be closed and laws prohibiting discrimination against women is abolished.
Revising constitutions, reforming laws and legislation takes time, recognizes Ms. Azcona. But it's 2022 and women still don't have equal access to society, even if it's only on paper.
“The law is only the first step. Next comes the implementation of laws and policies to ensure that there is real equality on the ground when it comes to the daily lives of women and girls.
—Ginette Azcona, Policy Specialist at UN Women
Globally, women lost an estimated $1.054 billion in income in 2020 in due to COVID-19.
At the market in Freetown, Sierra Leone, prices have risen sharply since the pandemic and the invasion of Ukraine.< /p>
Despite the resumption of activities, we are not back to the pre-pandemic employment level. This is due to the majority of women working in sectors that have been hit harder by the economic downturn.
In 2022, women's participation in the labor market is expected to remain below pre-pandemic levels in 169 countries and regions, the gender gap is even expected to widen in 114 countries and areas compared to 2019.
< p class="e-p">Furthermore, it was mostly women who took care of children when day care centers and schools were closed during the lockdowns. This has impacted their job prospects and career trajectories.
As a result, the number of women in managerial or supervisory positions is stagnating and even, in some regions, declining. UN Women predicts that it will take another 140 years for women to be equally represented in positions of power and leadership in the workplace.
Among the rest study findings:
- 44 million women and girls were forcibly displaced by the end of 2021, more than ever before;
- 511 million women and girls live in fragile and conflict-affected countries in 2022, almost double the number in 2019;
- More than 1.2 billion women and girls of childbearing age (15-49) live in countries and regions where some restriction is placed on access to safe abortion.
It was important to share these figures, even if they may seem discouraging, to launch a call to action, believes Ginette Azcona.
“The discrimination that women have faced for a millennium is not going to disappear overnight, it is going to take an enormous amount of work; so yes, it's a long term commitment, but well worth it and will pay huge dividends to society.
— Ginette Azcona, Policy Specialist at UN Women
Leaders of several states have made commitments to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals ( SDGs) of the UN in 2030. But these new data show that we are not on the right track to get there, underlines the researcher. UN Women therefore hopes to secure further sustained long-term commitments to reverse the trend. UN Annual General Assembly.