Des Madrid residents try to cool off during a heat wave.
The summer of 2022, which saw an increase in disasters linked to global warming, was the hottest on record in Europe , the European climate change service Copernicus said on Thursday.
Burning forests, dry rivers, crops at half mast, shattered heat records. The feeling of Europeans of a hot summer is confirmed by satellite readings, global warming is here and there.
Over the three months of the summer; meteorological summer (June-August), temperatures exceeded the 1991-2020 average by 1.34°C, and by 0.4°C the previous record, which dated from 2021, according to Copernicus records, which is based on data from 1979.
The summers of 2010 and 2018 were exceeded by 0.5°C and that of 2003, remembered for a heat wave hitherto considered exceptional, by 0.6°C.
In August 2022 alone, temperatures were by far the highest on record, 1.72°C above the 1991-2020 average, Copernicus said in a statement.< /p>
This new record comes as the impacts of climate change are increasingly felt around the world.
Firefighters fight a forest fire near Landiras, in the south-west of France.
The previous record was not dated than a year, underlined in the press release Freja Vamborg, scientific manager of the European institute.
And to recall the catastrophic consequences of this warming: the drought and fires in many parts of Europe have affected society and nature in various ways.
In terms of fires, the 27 countries of the European Union had set in mid-August a record at this stage of the year since the start of satellite data in 2006, with more than 660,000 hectares burned. Regions usually spared have been affected, such as the mythical Breton forest of Brocéliande in western France.
The drought is also affecting many European countries, with dry rivers and restrictions in some localities. The consequences are already being felt on the agricultural sector, raising fears for crops and possible effects on already high inflation.
Many countries have experienced record heat, the Kingdom Kingdom thus exceeding 40°C for the first time.
The Loire river is dried up in places in Ancenis-Saint-Gereon, June 13, 2022 .
Scientists have been warning for many years that the consequences of global warming will multiply as average temperatures rise.
The 2015 Paris Agreement, the main treaty in the fight against climate change, sets the objective of keeping the global average warming of the atmosphere well below 2°C and if possible 1.5°C compared to the pre-industrial era, when large-scale emissions of greenhouse gases, responsible for global warming, began.
But this warming has already reached 1.2 °C, and current state commitments to reduce emissions put the world on course for a catastrophic warming of 2.7°C, say UN experts.
In China, a peasant stands near dry crops.
The consequences of global warming have not only hit him Europe, and the summer of 2022 has materialized as never before the reality of global warming for billions of people, with deadly floods in Pakistan, or heavy rains. Luvians in the United States. China has also been hit by heat waves and drought.
But if the theme of global warming has imposed itself in public and political debate, the energy crisis which is shaking the world also raises fears of a new race towards fossil fuels, the main source of global warming.