Iranian nuclear: Europe despairs, Israel advocates a “military threat”

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Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid visits Germany, alongside Chancellor Olaf Scholz.

Germany's chancellor on Monday dashed hopes of an Iranian nuclear deal in the “near future”, prompting Israel to argue for a “military threat credible” to increase pressure on Tehran.

Olaf Scholz said in Berlin, while receiving his Israeli counterpart Yair Lapid, that he regretted that Iran had not yet given a positive response to the proposals of the European coordinators.

There is no reason for Iran not to accept these proposals. But we must take note that this is the case and that it [the agreement] will certainly not happen in the near future, the Chancellor noted at a press conference.< /p>

After a year and a half of discussions aimed at saving the international Iranian nuclear agreement – concluded in 2015, but undermined in 2018 by the unilateral denunciation of this text by the United States under the presidency of Donald Trump, then by the successive renunciations of the Islamic Republic to its most important commitments – Berlin, London and Paris had already expressed serious doubts on Saturday about the real will of Tehran.

Bushehr nuclear power plant in southern Iran

In a statement, the three European countries accused Tehran of continuing to escalate its nuclear program well beyond beyond what could be plausibly justified on civil grounds.

Iran, which assures that its nuclear program is purely civilian, deemed this declaration “unconstructive”, which was on the other hand welcomed by Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid, himself opposed to the revival of the nuclear power. agreement.

According to Mr. Lapid, these negotiations are turning into a failure and will not achieve the goal we all share to prevent the & #x27;Iran to acquire nuclear weapons.

Everyone asks us: ''What's next?'' It is time to have a dialogue with the Americans and the Europeans […] to put on the table a credible military threat against Iran in order to push Iran towards a better agreement than the only simple return to the JCPOA, said a senior Israeli diplomat, on the sidelines of the visit to Berlin.

Iran's latest response in the ongoing negotiations is a step backwards, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken also said on Friday in Brussels.

European countries criticize Tehran for not having responded to the coordinator of the JCPOA [l'accord de 2015, NDLR] who presented in August a set of final texts, which was to allow Iran to fill again its obligations under the JCPOA and, in the United States, to revert to the agreement.

The head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Rafael Grossi, has denounced Iran's decision to withdraw 27 surveillance cameras from nuclear activities, warning of a “death blow” to the talks in this sensitive file, if the blockage was to persist.

But Tehran for its part once again demanded the closure of an investigation by the International Atomic Energy Agency ( IAEA) concerning traces of enriched uranium found at three undeclared sites, which the head of the Agency, Rafael Grossi, refuses.

It was this request from the Iranian regime that raised serious doubts on the side of Berlin, London and Paris regarding its real desire to revive the nuclear agreement.

The agreement was reached in 2015 with Tehran by the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (United States, France, United Kingdom, China and Russia) plus Germany.

Washington had withdrawn in 2018 from this agreement concluded between Tehran and the great powers. It is intended to limit the Iranian nuclear program, in exchange for the lifting of American sanctions.

Mr. Lapid went to Paris this summer to discuss this sensitive issue with French President Emmanuel Macron and had also had many discussions with American, British and German leaders.

Israel fears in particular that the lifting of sanctions, in the event of a return to the JCPOA, will make it possible to replenish the coffers of Tehran, which could use these sums to increase its support for Lebanese Hezbollah, Palestinian Hamas and other pro-Iranian elements in the region.

As such, Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz presented Monday at a conference with the United States, a map showing ten sites in Syria, including that of Masyaf, which it claims Iran has been using to produce precision weapons for Hezbollah.

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