Iranian nuclear: the outcome of the negotiations seems close

Iranian nuclear : the outcome of the negotiations seems close

Iran's chief nuclear negotiator, Ali Bagheri Kani in Vienna on August 4. The negotiations aim to resurrect the nuclear deal signed in 2015, known as the JCPOA, but from which the United States unilaterally withdrew in 2018.

The x27;European Union (EU) announced on Tuesday that it was reviewing Iran's response to its compromise on the nuclear file, a crucial step that could mark the entry of months of difficult negotiations into their last straight line.

These negotiations between Iran and the great powers launched in April 2021 in Vienna aim to resurrect a 2015 international agreement, known by its English acronym JCPOA, which guarantees the civilian character of Iran's nuclear program, accused to seek to acquire the atomic weapon despite its denials.

The final compromise proposed by the EU allows the United States to return to the agreement, from which it withdrew unilaterally in 2018, with the lifting of American sanctions imposed on Iran, provided that this country respects its commitments and ceases to exceed prescribed limits on enrichment and other sensitive nuclear activities.

We received the Iranian response yesterday [Monday] evening. We are studying it and consulting the other JCPOA participants and the United States on the way forward, the spokesman for Josep Borrell, head of European diplomacy and facilitator of the indirect negotiations, told AFP. in Vienna between Iran and the United States.

Before him, Iran announced that it had conveyed its final remarks to the EU and was awaiting a quick response. Iran has submitted its written response and believes a deal is possible if the United States responds with realism and flexibility, Iran's official Irna news agency reported.

According to Iranian agency Irna, citing an informed source, Tehran expects to receive the other side's response within the next two days.

Concluded between Iran on the one hand and the United States, Great Britain, China, France, Germany and Russia on the other, the JCPOA was torpedoed in 2018 by the US withdrawal under Donald Trump and the reinstatement of US sanctions that are suffocating the Iranian economy. In response, Iran has been gradually freeing itself from its obligations dictated by the agreement.

After chaotic negotiations, suspended twice, the EU on August 8 proposed a final compromise text to take it or leave it. During these negotiations, the EU acted as an intermediary between the United States and Iran, which have had no diplomatic relations since 1980.

According to Irna, the differences relate to three points. The United States verbally expressed flexibility on two of them, but that should be included in the text, Irna added, without elaborating.

The third point concerns the guarantee of a lasting agreement demanded by Iran from the United States, she added.

Neither party specified outstanding issues. If the Iranian request for removal from the American blacklist of the Revolutionary Guards, the ideological army of Iran, is no longer in order according to a European official, remain on the other hand the perennial guarantees of the agreement demanded by Tehran and the Iranian request that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) close the question of the undeclared sites in Iran, where traces of; enriched uranium had been found.

For Mohammad Marandi, an adviser to Iran's negotiating team in Vienna, the outstanding issues are not difficult to resolve. They relate to Iran's fears due to past US and EU violations.

“I don't can't say we'll get a deal, but we're closer than before.

— Mohammad Marandi, adviser to the Iranian team of negotiators in Vienna

On Monday, the US State Department declined to say whether the United States was ready to approve the plan submitted by the EU, saying that Washington would contact Mr. Borrell.

What could be negotiated was negotiated , he added, reaffirming the American position that the ball is in Tehran's court. The only way to achieve a mutual return to the JCPOA […] is for Iran to drop its unacceptable demands that go far beyond the JCPOA.

The door The American spokesman also refused to comment on the possibility of a lifting of American sanctions in the event of an Iranian green light to the compromise of the EU.

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