Iranian nuclear: yet another round of negotiations in Vienna

Nucl&eacute Iranian area: yet another round of negotiations in Vienna

Chief negotiator Ali Bagheri Kani (right) and Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian.

Iranian, European and American negotiators are heading back to Vienna to begin a new phase of negotiations with a view to resuscitating the Iranian nuclear agreement.

Apart from an unsuccessful meeting in Doha, the capital of Qatar, negotiations have been suspended since March.

En route to Vienna to discuss returning to full application of the JCPOA, European Union Coordinator Enrique Mora tweeted on Wednesday, referring to the acronym for the 2015 agreement meant to prevent the Islamic Republic of Iran to acquire atomic weapons and allow the lifting of sanctions against Tehran.

Iran's chief negotiator Ali Bagheri tweeted: Direction Vienna to advance the negotiations, returning the ball to Washington's court.

US envoy Robert Malley also announced his move to the Austrian capital. Our expectations are measured, but the United States welcomes EU efforts and stands ready in good faith to try to find a deal, he said. And to add, echoing Tehran's warnings: We will quickly know whether Iran is ready for the same thing.

On July 26, the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, submitted a draft compromise and called on the parties to accept it to avoid a dangerous crisis.

Head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell

Mr. Borrell had pointed out that his proposal addressed in detail the lifting of sanctions on Iran and the nuclear measures needed to restore the 2015 nuclear pact.

Iran In the process, he was optimistic, Mr. Bagheri saying he was ready to conclude the negotiations at short notice.

Even if the negotiators were not seated face to face, they did not stop during these few months of suspension to negotiate remotely with media messages in a tumultuous geopolitical context.

The ultimate message sent by Tehran to the American side is the commissioning of hundreds of centrifuges, including the advanced IR-6 centrifuges. This information was given by the spokesperson for the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization (IAEA), Behrouz Kamalvandi, and confirmed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which was informed earlier.

In an interview with the Qatari channel Al-Jazeera, Kamal Kharazi, chairman of the Strategic Council for International Relations, said on July 17 that Iran had the technical capabilities to to build a nuclear bomb while pointing out that his country had not taken the decision to build a bomb.

This photo released by the IAEA last November shows centrifuges at the Natanz plant in Iran.

In addition, Mr. Kharrazi also said that Iran had carried out extensive maneuvers to be able to strike Israel if its sensitive installations are targeted.

Israel, which opposes the nuclear agreement, regularly asserts that it gives itself the right to act to prevent Tehran from acquiring atomic weapons.

In the process of these statements, Iran announced the arrest of three foreigners, including a British diplomat, for “espionage”.

Last week, Tehran claimed to have arrested five members of an alleged Mossad-linked spy group.

The Americans, for their part, announced this week new sanctions against the Iranian oil sector, already hit by a series of sanctions, and which represents a key source of income for the country.

Thus, six oil transport companies have been targeted by the sanctions of the Department of State and that of the Treasury.

During his trip to Tehran on July 19, Russian President Vladimir Putin received the support of the leader of the Iranian Revolution in the war against Ukraine.

Presidents Vladimir Putin, Ebrahim Raisi and Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Tehran

For his part, Mr. Putin expressed his support for the complete lifting of sanctions against Iran.

In addition, a contract worth four billion dollars for the development of seven Iranian oil fields was announced during this visit.

Concluded by Iran and six powers (Russia, United States, China, France, United Kingdom and Germany), the JCPOA aims to ensure the civilian character of the program Iran's nuclear power, accused of seeking to acquire atomic weapons despite its denials.

But following the 2018 unilateral withdrawal of the United States under the leadership of Donald Trump and the reinstatement of American sanctions, Tehran gradually freed itself from its obligations.

Iran thus exceeded the uranium enrichment rate of 3.67% set by the JCPOA, rising to 20% at the beginning of 2021. Then it crossed the unprecedented 60% threshold, approaching the 90% needed to make a bomb, while limiting access to IAEA inspectors.

With information by Agence France-Presse, Al Jazira, Les Echos, and IRNA

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