OECD: “Citizenship income has radically improved social security”. Cashless and Corrupt Sweeps plan promoted, pushed on PA reform
The Basic income, the Corrupted Sweep Law, the piano Cashless to incentivize digital payments, the reduction of tax wedge at work, the incentives to hire “young people and women“. In the report relating to Italy Going for Growth 2021 of the OECD, the international body promotes some of the main reforms launched by the government over the last two years. The experts have in fact analyzed the measures in the matter of Political Economics adopted by the acceding States, the measures that are still in the pipeline and have indicated the priority for economic recovery post-Covid, with an eye to the Recovery fund. As for our country, we read that “the social safety net it was radically improved with the regime of Basic income, which introduces greater benefits for families together with stricter conditions “. The OECD also mentions the “important reforms to improve the tax compliance”Launched by the Conte government, the simplification of public procurement, the increase in digital investment, efforts to reform the banking sector and “reduce inefficiencies” in judicial area.
For the future, however, according to the Paris-based body, it will be crucial to “improve the effectiveness of public administration, mainly with a view to improving the management of public investments and, at the same time, making the allocation and coordination of implementation tasks of the various policies between the different levels of government ”. These are key steps for an “effective use of fondi del Recovery and for the full realization of the benefits expected from the planned structural reforms “. With the crisis caused by Covid, in fact, “many of the structural challenges of Italy – the significant disparities in territorial, demographic, gender and productivity performance, as well as high levels of public debt – have been aggravated “, adds the organization in the report presented in the presence of the Minister of Economy, Daniele Franco. “In 2020 a new package of generous incentives, aimed at encouraging investments in digital technologies and in Research and Development, has strengthened the support measures already adopted in the past “. And yet, the organism suggests, “the institution of one National Commission for Productivity it would make it possible to prioritize the action of public authorities, giving it impetus and also helping to strengthen the impact of innovation incentives and efforts to improve reduction of bureaucracy“.
Infrastructure – In the report, the OECD then lined up the reforms launched by the Italian government from 2019 to today and suggests a series of recommendations to be implemented in the future. In the field of infrastructure a blue check is placed on the increase in public investments and on simplifications in the field of public procurement introduced with the homonymous decree. However, it is necessary to identify “the priorities of the individual infrastructure projects effectively”, making use of the “cost-benefit analysis of individual projects “. We should also improve “the impact of procurement reforms to support investments”, continue the work of “rationalization” of local public services and open the doors to competition.
Governance and Pa – As for the Public Administration, the body based in Paris promotes the progress made with the Simplification dl, from the possibility of accessing public services via app to the system based on digital identity that allows “self-certifications, applications and payments, as well as digital notifications by multiple state agencies“. The decree also “reformed the sanctions for abuse of office to ensure that the fear of being prosecuted even without offenses does not hinder the decision-making process “. In the list there is room for the Corrupt Sweeps Act, thanks to which “additional measures were introduced to strengthen the fight against corruption“. What reforms need to be implemented? “Administrative processes in the judicial system must be improved”, the report reads, and “alternative mechanisms of dispute resolution“. It is also necessary to accelerate “the use of digital tools and services for businesses and citizens,” to reduce regulatory complexity “for those who invest in the private sector.
Job market – In terms of work, among the measures introduced by the previous government, the OECD mentions “tax incentives” to encourage the hiring of “young people and women“, Then further strengthened with the 2021 budget law, but there is also room for citizenship income and the expansion of professional education. Longer list of things to do: “Improve the design of the training courses“, Improve” job search and training programs “through Anpal,” support greater access to childcare for children aged 0 to 3, ensure that “social protection” supports the entry of those it benefits “to the labor market”.
Taxation system – In the fiscal field, there are six reforms carried out between 2019-2020 and mentioned by the OECD in its dossier: the “mandatory digital billing“, The reduction of the tax wedge, the progress in terms of corporate equity, the introduction of” more generous family allowances “from 2022 to replace tax deductions, the expansion of” pre-filled tax returns “, the introduction of Piano cashless “To incentivize the transition from cash payments to digital payments. The government, however, must work harder for rationalize fiscal expenses, reduce the complexity of the whole system (for example “by simplifying the VAT rates“), Restore the”tax on the first home providing exemptions for low-income families ”, accelerate on land registry reform, improve the “coordination between tax agencies and other regulatory agencies”, consolidate the incentives for hiring with a “permanent” decontribution for the first three years “to all new permanent contracts“.
Competition and regulation – The last chapter touched on by the OECD is that of competition, on which the reforms carried out in the last two years are not mentioned because it is formally a “new priority“For the international body. However, Italy is invited to “remove the obstacles to allow a more rapid implementation of the infrastructure of the telecommunications“, Remove the“ legal obstacles to telework“, Increase the“ skills of managers ”, carry out a complete reform of“ cooperative banks ”and the insolvency regime.