Queen Elizabeth II is no more

Queen Élisabeth II n&rsquo ;est plus

At the time of his accession to the throne, the Korean War was raging, Joseph Stalin was still ruling the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom had just #x27;announce that he possessed the atomic bomb. She had the longest reign in the history of the British monarchy.

An official portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, in 2013, at Westminster Abbey.

Queen Elizabeth II has died aged 96, Buckingham Palace has announced

Elizabeth II will have had a remarkable career.

From World War II, where she was a mechanic and military truck driver in the British Army, to the collapse of the Berlin Wall and the Soviet bloc, his reign is the longest of the British monarchy.

Elisabeth Alexandra Mary as a child with her mother and grandmother in 1927.

Birth, in London, of Elisabeth Alexandra Mary. She is the eldest daughter of the Duke of York, Albert, and Elisabeth Bowes-Lyon. Elizabeth's younger sister, Margaret, was born in 1930.

Elizabeth II (fourth from left), at her father's coronation.

Elizabeth was 10 years old when her father was crowned king as George VI, after the abdication of his older brother. Edward VIII renounced the throne in December 1936 to marry a divorced American, Wallis Simpson. He had been king since their father's death less than a year earlier. Elisabeth then finds herself heiress to the throne.

Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip at their wedding.

< p class="e-p">Princess Elizabeth marries Philip Mountbatten, Prince of Greece and Denmark, who will later take the title of Duke of Edinburgh. The ceremony, very sober since the country is recovering from the war, takes place at Westminster Abbey. The princess had to stock up on coupons to get the fabric for her wedding dress.

Prince Philippe and Princess Elisabeth with Charles and Anne, children.

The Queen and Prince Philip have four children: Charles, the heir to the British throne, was born on November 14, 1948 and Anne on August 15, 1950. Prince Andrew was born on February 19, 1960, in full reign, a first since 1857. Edward was born in 1964.

Queen Elizabeth II, during her coronation

< p class="e-p">Princess Elizabeth is on an official visit to Kenya, replacing her sick father, when she receives the news of his death on February 6, 1952. She is 25 years old. His coronation, on June 2, 1953, was televised live in France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. No Coronations had previously aired. In Great Britain, 20.4 million viewers followed the ceremony.

Queen Elizabeth II on her first official visit to Canada in 1957.

The Queen (then Princess Elizabeth) and the Duke of Edinburgh first came to Canada in the fall of 1957. Since her accession to the throne, she has visited the country 22 times. During her first official visit, Elizabeth II opened the 23rd parliamentary session.

The queen's stays in the country have not always been idyllic. In 1964, his stay in Quebec took place in tumult. The security forces repress the demonstrators. The event will go down in history as Matraque Saturday.

Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip on their arrival at the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games in Montreal in 1976.

Presented in a brand new fresh concrete stadium, the Queen declares the Summer Olympics open in Montreal in her capacity as Head of State. In the photo, the mayor of Montreal Jean Drapeau and the premier of Quebec Robert Bourassa greet his arrival.

The Queen receives former South African President Nelson Mandela at Buckingham Palace in 2003.

From the beginning of her reign, the Queen devoted a lot of time to her role as head of the Commonwealth. For decades, the issue of South African apartheid dominated alliance meetings.

During the 1980s, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney supported economic sanctions against the apartheid regime in South Africa. The Queen supports Canada's position, despite the policy of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, as well as the release from prison of future South African President Nelson Mandela in February 1990.

Signing of the Canadian Constitution by Queen Elizabeth II in Ottawa on April 17, 1982, in the presence of Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau.

The patriation of the Constitution in 1982 is another painful chapter of the relationship between Quebec and Queen Elizabeth II.

The Constitution Act, 1982 states that any change in the Queen, Governor General or Lieutenant Governor of a province requires the assent of all provincial legislatures, in addition to the Senate and the House of Commons.

Queen Elizabeth II talking to firefighters during the Windsor Castle fire.

1992 was a difficult year for the Queen and for the monarchy. In a memorable speech in London on November 24, Elizabeth II called her an annus horribilis. During the year, two of his sons separated and his daughter divorced. In addition, Windsor Castle suffered heavy damage in a fire and the Queen resolved to pay the equivalent of income tax.

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A sea of ​​bouquets of flowers laid in front of Kensington Palace where Princess Diana lived.

A year after her divorce from Prince Charles, Princess Diana dies in a car accident in Paris. The Queen remains in her Balmoral Palace, Scotland, with her grandchildren and is slow to lower the flag at Buckingham Palace, earning her much criticism. She finally returned to London on September 5, the day before the funeral, and paid a brief tribute to the princess in a televised message.

The Queen warmly welcomed to July 1, 2010 celebrations in Ottawa.

The Queen and Prince Philip celebrate Canada Day in Ottawa in front of a crowd of 70,000 people. In her bilingual speech, the Queen states:

“Throughout my life, I have witnessed more than half of the history of this country since its Confederation. I have watched with great admiration as Canada grow and evolve while remaining true to its history, distinctiveness and values. »

— Elizabeth II

Prince William and his wife Kate, Duchess of Cambridge, after the royal wedding, April 29, 2011.

Prince William, the Queen's third grandson and second in line to the throne, marries a commoner, Catherine Middleton. The ceremony is watched by millions of viewers all over the world. The popularity of the young couple is blowing a wind of renewal on the monarchy, after difficult years.

Queen Elizabeth He meets his subjects on a walk in Windsor, England, on April 21, 2016, his 90th birthday.

The Queen celebrates her 90th birthday, becoming the oldest sovereign in the world. In October 2016, after the death of King Bhumibol of Thailand, she also became the longest-reigning monarch. In 2012, the UK celebrates its Diamond Jubilee in style to mark 60 years on the throne. All Commonwealth countries joined in the celebration. The only other British queen to reign for 60 years was her great-great-grandmother, Victoria.

Prince Philip breathed his last on April 9 at Windsor Castle.

The queen called it her rock; he will have been by his side for more than 70 years. On April 9, 2021, Prince Philip died at the age of 99, just months shy of his 100th birthday. He holds the record for longevity for a spouse of a British monarch. He had left public life since the summer of 2017.

Alongside Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, Queen Elizabeth II greets her subjects at the end of the Platinum Jubilee Pageant from Buckingham Palace, London.

The British celebrate in style the 70 years of reign of Elizabeth II. Four days of celebrations, including a religious ceremony, a concert, a military parade and a parade, underline the sovereign's platinum jubilee. Largely absent from the festivities due to her declining health, the Queen made a surprise appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace for the closing of the festivities. Accompanied by Princes Charles and William, their wives and William's children, she greeted the tens of thousands of people massed on the Mall, the avenue leading to the palace.

Canada being a constitutional monarchy, Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state. In Canada, the Crown is represented by the Governor General at the federal level and by the Lieutenant Governor at the provincial level. As Head of State, The Queen is officially Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Forces.

Sources : Today History August 23, 2018, The Canadian Encyclopedia, Government of Canada

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