Russia launches Iranian satellite amid accusations over Ukraine | War in Ukraine

Russia launches Iranian satellite amid accusations over Ukraine | War in Ukraine

In April 2020, the Revolutionary Guards, Iran's ideological army, launched the Nour-1 satellite.

Russia will put an Iranian satellite into orbit on Tuesday. The observation whose launch is causing concern, with some Western officials fearing that Moscow will use it to support its offensive in Ukraine, which Tehran denies.

The launch of the Khayyam remote sensing satellite by a Soyuz rocket is scheduled to take place from Russia's Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 10:52 a.m. local time, according to Russian space agency Roscosmos.

This satellite, named in honor of the Persian poet and scholar Omar Khayyam (1048-1131), is intended, among other things, to monitor the country's borders, improve agricultural productivity, control water resources and natural disasters, according to the Iranian Space Agency.

For the United States, the Iranian space program is intended for more military than commercial purposes, while Tehran maintains that its aerospace activities are peaceful and in accordance with a resolution of the UN Security Council.

This time, however, the Iranian authorities had to defend themselves from accusations, after the American daily The Washington Postreported that Russia plans to use the satellite for several months as part of its offensive in Ukraine before handing over control to Iran later.

All orders related to the control and operation of this satellite will be issued from the first day and immediately after the launch by Iranian experts based in the Iranian Ministry of Communications, the Space Agency said on Sunday. Iranian in a press release.

No third country can access the data sent by the satellite via an encryption algorithm, she assured, denouncing false assertions by the American newspaper.

In October 2005, Russia had already launched the first Iranian satellite, Sina-1, from the Plesetsk cosmodrome, located in Russian territory.

The launch of the Khayyam will take place three weeks after a visit by the Russian President Vladimir Putin in Iran where he met his counterpart Ebrahim Raisi and Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on July 19.

The latter had called for strengthening long-term cooperation with Russia.

In June 2021, the Russian president had refuted information from the Washington Post claiming that Moscow was preparing to provide a sophisticated satellite to Iran to improve its spy capabilities.

The Revolutionary Guards, Iran's ideological army, announced in March the launch of a new military reconnaissance satellite called Nour-2, after the launch of the first, Nour-1, in April 2020.

In March 2022, the Nour-2 satellite was put into orbit.

The launch of the Khayyam satellite also comes at a time when Iranian nuclear negotiations involving Iran, Russia, China, France, the United Kingdom and Germany have resumed in Vienna, after a blockage of several months, in order to save the 2015 agreement.

The pact known by its English acronym JCPOA aims to guarantee the civilian character of the Iranian nuclear program, accused of seeking to acquire of the atomic weapon despite his denials.

But at Following the 2018 unilateral withdrawal of the United States under the leadership of Donald Trump and the reinstatement of American sanctions, Tehran gradually freed itself from its obligations.

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