UN headquarters in New York
Russia on Friday prevented the adoption of a joint declaration at the end of the four-week UN review conference of the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT), denouncing “political” terms.
The 191 signatory countries of the NPT, which aims to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, promote complete disarmament and promote cooperation for the #x27;Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy, have been meeting at the United Nations Headquarters in New York since August 1.
But despite a month of negotiations and a final session postponed for several hours on Friday, the conference is not in a position to reach an agreement, conference president L' x27;Argentinian Gustavo Zlauvinen, after Russian intervention.
While decisions are taken by consensus, the Russian representative, Igor Vishnevetsky, has indeed denounced the lack of balance in the final draft text of more than 30 pages.
Our delegation has a key objection to certain paragraphs which are shamelessly political, he said, repeating several times that Russia was not the only country to have objections to the text in general.
According to sources close to the negotiations, Russia objected in particular to the paragraphs concerning the Ukrainian nuclear power plant in Zaporizhia, occupied by the Russian military.
The latest text on the table, seen by AFP, underlined great concern about military activities around Ukrainian power plants, including Zaporizhia, Ukraine's loss of control of these sites and the impact important to safety.
Other sensitive elements for certain States were also under discussion during these four weeks, in particular the Iranian nuclear program and the North Korean nuclear tests.
At the last Review Conference in 2015, the parties were also unable to reach agreement on substantive issues.
In any case, what is really problematic is that with or without text, it does nothing to reduce the level of nuclear threat at the moment, said Friday at l& #x27;AFP Beatrice Fihn, who leads the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN).
The draft text was very weak, and detached from reality, she added, noting the absence of concrete disarmament commitments.
At the opening of the conference, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said that such a nuclear danger did not exist. ] not been known since the height of the Cold War.
Today, humanity is at a misunderstanding, a miscalculation of nuclear annihilation, he warned.