Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan during a meeting in Moscow
Announced for several weeks, the summit meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin, Iranian President Ibrahim Raisi and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan will take place on Tuesday.
The meeting of the three heads of state will focus in particular on Syria, where the Turkish president intends to carry out a military operation to create a 30 kilometer security zone on the border.
The three countries launched the so-called Astana process in 2017, officially aimed at bringing peace to Syria.
The Turkish army, present in bordering areas to the north of Syrian territory, carried out, between 2016 and 2019 and with the help of Syrian auxiliaries, three operations major in this country.
The new offensive targets two localities under the control of the People's Protection Units (YPG), a Kurdish militia that Turkey accuses of being affiliated with the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and classifies as a terrorist.
Tehran and Moscow have already shown their opposition to Ankara's intentions.
Iranian Foreign Minister Amir Abdollahian said Tuesday's meeting aims to strengthen economic cooperation between the three countries, security in the region and food security.
A meeting of the Heads of State guarantors of the peace process in Syria, such is the description given by the spokesman of the Kremlin, Dmitri Peskov on July 12.
The Russian and Turkish presidents will also have a separate meeting devoted to Ukraine. MM. Putin and Erdogan will continue talks that began several days ago to allow Ukrainian grain blocked due to the conflict to be exported through safe sea corridors.
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President Putin will also meet Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei as Russia seeks economic partnerships after the West imposed severe penalties.
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
This trip will be the Russian leader's second abroad since he launched what he describes as a special military operation in Ukraine on February 24.
Vladimir Putin claimed that Moscow was now turning away from the West in favor of countries like China, India or Iran.
Contacts with Ali Khamenei are very important, Kremlin adviser Yuri Ushakov told reporters. A confident dialogue has developed between [Vladimir Putin and Ali Khamenei] on the most crucial issues.
These meetings come days after US President Joe Biden's tour in Israel and Saudi Arabia.
With information from AFP, Reuters, and Al Jazeera