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The pact aims to ensure the civilian character of Iran's nuclear program.
Four days after the resumption of talks in Vienna aimed at reviving the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, the European Union has put a final text on the table, but Tehran has yet to agree.
< p class="e-p">Today, the text is on the table of high representatives, an EU official told reporters on condition of anonymity, hoping for a conclusion in the coming weeks.
The negotiation is over, this is the final text […] and it will not be renegotiated, he insisted, with the desire to go quickly after already more than a year of discussions and a blockage of several months.
However, behind every technical question and every paragraph is a political decision that needs to be taken in capitals, EU Foreign Affairs High Representative Josep Borrell said on Twitter.
Diplomats from all sides (Iran, Russia, China, France, UK and Germany) returned last Thursday to the Austrian capital for yet another attempt to salvage the moribund agreement from 2015, under the aegis of the EU.
The pact, known by its English acronym JCPOA, aims to guarantee the civilian character of Iran's nuclear program, accused of seeking to acquire atomic weapons despite its denials.
But following the 2018 unilateral U.S. withdrawal from the deal at the behest of Donald Trump and the reinstatement of U.S. sanctions that are suffocating its economy, Tehran has become progressively relieved of its obligations.
The objective of the talks, in which the United States participates indirectly, is to put the process back on track.
< p class="e-p">Now the ball is in the capitals' court and we will see what will happen, added the European official. No one is staying in Vienna.
Insisting on the quality of the text, he said he very much hoped that it would be accepted and that an agreement would be reached in a few weeks.< /p>
Iran has responded to review the 25-page document.
As soon as we received these ideas, we shared our initial response and our thoughts […], but of course the clauses require global review and we will convey our views and comments to the EU and others parties, said a Foreign Affairs official, quoted by the Irna agency, without further details.
There remains a major obstacle: Iran is calling on Iran to #x27;International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) closing the issue of undeclared sites, where traces of enriched uranium had been found.
It has nothing to do with the JCPOA. At the same time, Iran says it is fundamental. I hope Iran and the IAEA will have an agreement because it will make a lot of things easier, the European official said.
L' The agency should completely settle the matter […] through technical means, and move away from irrelevant and unconstructive political issues, Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian warned on Sunday.
< p class="e-p">Arms Control Association expert Kelsey Davenport, however, cautioned against the IAEA abandoning the investigation in a bid to reach a conclusion. agreement on the JCPOA.
That would be a mistake, she wrote on Twitter. If the United States and other states parties to the agreement did not support the UN body, it would undermine its mission and the broader objectives of non-proliferation.