Russia participates in talks started more than a year ago between Iran and the major powers to revive the 2015 international agreement on the nuclear program Iranian.
Russian President Vladimir Putin arrived in Tehran on Tuesday for discussions with his Iranian and Turkish counterparts on the conflict in Syria, but also on the war in Ukraine.
Iranian state television showed live images of the arrival of the Russian head of state, on the occasion of his second trip abroad since the launch of the program. #x27;Russian offensive in Ukraine on February 24.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, for his part, arrived on Monday evening and held bilateral talks with Iranian leaders who reiterated Tehran's opposition to a Turkish offensive in northern Syria.
The tripartite summit comes days after US President Joe Biden's tour of the Middle East, where he visited Israel, Iran's number one enemy, and Saudi Arabia, its powerful regional rival.
It will be mainly dominated by Syria where Russia, Turkey and Iran represent major players in the war that has ravaged the country since 2011, Moscow and Tehran supporting the regime of Bashar Al-Assad and Ankara supporting rebels. The three countries launched the so-called Astana process in 2017, officially aimed at bringing peace to Syria.
President Erdogan was received on Tuesday morning by his Iranian counterpart, Ebrahim Raisi, before a meeting with Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, according to state television.
Mr. Khamenei reiterated his country's opposition to a possible Turkish military operation in Syria, deeming it harmful for the region, according to an official statement.
A military offensive [ against Kurdish fighters in northern Syria] will definitely be detrimental to Syria, Turkey and the region, he said.
However, the Supreme Leader promised to Mr. Erdogan that Iran will cooperate with Turkey in its fight against terrorism, while emphasizing that terrorists are not limited to a specific group.
Iran does not want to support Turkey militarily to fight the Kurds.
Turkey is seeking to create a 30-kilometre safe zone on the border with Syria and hopes to get the green light from Iran and Russia for a new armed intervention in the northwest of the country.
The Turkish army, present in areas of northern Syrian territory bordering Turkey, launched between 2016 and 2019 with the help of Syrian auxiliaries three major operations in Syria.
She wants to launch a new operation against two localities under the control of the People's Protection Units (YPG), a Kurdish militia accused by Turkey of being affiliated with the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK )– classified as a terrorist by Ankara.
These groups are indeed a big problem for Iran and Turkey and we must fight against these terrorist organizations in solidarity and alliance, Erdogan told a conference release in Tehran.
The tripartite summit will be an opportunity for Mr. Erdogan to meet with Mr. Putin for the first time since the start of Russia's invasion of Ukraine. Turkey, a member of NATO, has tried to maintain contact with the two countries, offering to mediate on several occasions.
The two leaders will talk about mechanisms to allow the exports via safe maritime corridors of grain from Ukraine, blocked in this country by the Russian military offensive at the risk of causing a world food crisis.
The Russian Ministry of Defense had indicated on Friday that a final document would be ready shortly to allow the export of grain from Ukraine.
The The agreement, which is being negotiated between Russia, Ukraine, Turkey and the United Nations, aims to bring out through the Black Sea some 20 million tonnes of grain stuck in Ukrainian silos because of the Russian offensive.
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On the other hand, discussions between Russians and Iranians could focus on the Iranian nuclear file, experts believe.
Russia is taking part in the talks which began more than x27;a year between Iran and the major powers to revive the 2015 international agreement on the Iranian nuclear program, allowing the lifting of sanctions against the Islamic Republic in exchange for restrictions on its nuclear activities. These discussions have been at a standstill since March.
Thursday, during his trip to Israel, Joe Biden signed a security pact with Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid committing the United States to never allow Iran to acquire nuclear weapons.
And on Saturday, in Saudi Arabia, Mr. Biden affirmed in front of an audience of Arab leaders that his country would not turn away from the Middle East leaving a vacuum that could be filled by China, Russia or Iran. Remarks condemned by Tehran, which accuses Washington of stoking tensions in the region.